NFT for Dummies: Everything You Need to Know About Non-fungible Tokens

NFTs are a type of digital asset that have their own unique codes,   just like collectible sports cards. NFTs have many use cases and  can be associated with anything, from art to real estate. The interesting part is that this digital asset is recorded onto the blockchain every time it’s transferred, keeping an indisputable record of authenticity and ownership. This innovation can benefit businesses, artists, and collectors alike. With the recent boom in this industry, it’s important to know the basics of NFTs. From what NFTs are to their primary usage, this NFT for dummies guide should be helpful to anyone looking to enter the digital market.


What is an NFT in simple terms?


An NFT stands for a non-fungible token.


Non-fungibility refers to the inability of an asset to be exchanged for another asset of equal value. This is because each asset is unique and therefore has a different value.


On the other hand, a token refers to a digital asset that can be used to represent some value. In the context of NFTs, a token can represent a piece of digital art, a virtual world item, or anything else that can be stored digitally.


NFTs are stored on a blockchain, which is a decentralized database that allows for secure, transparent, and tamper-proof transactions. Because they’re stored on a blockchain, NFTs can be bought, sold, or traded like any other cryptocurrency.


What are the Characteristics of Non-Fungible Tokens?


Now that we grasped the definition of NFTs, let’s talk about the characteristics that make these tokens special:




NFTs are unique in that they are not interchangeable with other NFTs. This is due to the fact that each token contains a unique cryptographic hash that is used to identify it. NFTs can be easily tracked and verified for authenticity and ownership, which makes them ideal for use in digital asset management.




NFTs are often seen as being rare because they are not interchangeable like fiat currency or other cryptocurrencies. This means that each NFT is unique and can not be replicated, which gives it a higher value. NFTs also have the potential to be used as a store of value, which could make them even rarer in the future.




Indivisibility is a key characteristic of NFTs that sets them apart from other digital assets and makes them ideal for storing and transferring value, as there is no risk of the value being lost or diluted through division. This means that an NFT cannot be divided into smaller units or fractions – it is a whole, unique entity. This attribute gives NFTs value and makes them ideal for use cases such as ownership of digital art or collectibles.


What Does it Mean to Mint an NFT & its Common Standards?


NFT minting is simply the process of creating a new NFT. This can be done by anyone on different platforms with an understanding of how to use them. The process usually involves creating a template for the NFT, adding metadata to it, and then signing it with a private key. Once an NFT is minted, it can be traded or sold on any number of platforms that support NFTs.


NFT standards are a set of specifications and guidelines that define how non-fungible tokens (NFTs) should be designed, created, and managed. They aim to ensure that NFTs are interoperable and can be used in a variety of applications.


Common standards for NFTs include (but are not limited to) the ERC-721 and ERC-1155 standards. These standards define how NFTs can be created, transferred, and used. They also specify how NFTs can be stored on a blockchain.


The ERC-721 standard was designed to help in tracking and managing digital items through the Ethereum blockchain using non-fungible tokens. This means that the fungibility of an asset can only occur within an Ethereum transaction. If a person wishes to exchange one asset for another or if the buyer or seller decides that the asset is not worth the price they paid for it, then the non-fungible nature of the asset stops the transaction from being completed.


In order to accomplish this, the ERC-721 standard establishes a set of rules that helps make sure that each asset is unique. For example, some attributes include whether the asset is active (for use) or whether it is locked down until a certain date or time. Attributes may also include the name of the owner, a digital signature, the length of time that the asset has been active, and more.


The ERC-1155 is a new standard that combines both ERC-20 and ERC-721 and allows for the creation of both fungible and non-fungible tokens on the Ethereum blockchain. It was created by Witek Radomski, Andrew Cooke, Philippe Castonguay, James Therien, Eric Binet, and Ronan Sandford in June 2018. The standard defines a set of rules and APIs for how NFTs can be created, transferred, and stored on the Ethereum blockchain. It also specifies a set of methods that must be implemented in order to comply with the standard.


How to Buy NFTs


NFTs are believed to be the future of how we buy things in the real world. There are several ways to buy them, but before we move to that let’s answer the question: why do people buy NFTs in the first place?


People buy NFTs for a variety of reasons. Some people view them as an investment to trade or sell in the future, while others see them as a way to support digital artists or creators who are using blockchain technology to create unique and innovative content. There are also some people who collect NFTs as a hobby.


If you’re interested in buying NFTs, there are a few things you need to know. You will first need to have a crypto wallet that supports the NFT standard. Then, of course, you’ll have to find a platform or marketplace that sells NFTs. Some popular platforms for buying and selling NFTs include OpenSea, Rarible, and Mintable. Once you find a suitable platform, you can then choose the NFT you want to buy, click on it to view more information, and complete the purchase.


Is buying and selling NFTs profitable?


There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the profitability of buying and selling NFTs depends on a number of factors, including the type of NFT being traded, the current market conditions, and the trader’s own skills and expertise.


It is possible to make a profit from buying and selling NFTs, but it is not guaranteed. The value of an NFT can fluctuate greatly, and there is no guarantee that you will be able to sell an NFT for more than you paid for it.


However, in general, NFTs can be profitable investments if they are bought and sold at the right time and for the right price.


10 NFT marketplaces


Here are some places to start if you are looking to start collecting NFTs:


1. SuperRare


2. Rarible


3. Mintable


4. Opensea


5. Nifty Gateway


6. Foundation


7. Dada


8. BitPanda


9. Binance


10. Coinbase


Can anyone make an NFT?


Yes, anyone can create an NFT. All you need is a computer, an NFT smart contract, and some form of file storage. However, you do need to be familiar with which NFT standard you need for what you want to create an NFT of.


How do I create an NFT art and sell it?


As the technology behind NFTs continues to evolve, many people have been asking whether anyone can make money doing it. While some NFTs have proven to be pretty popular, there is a lot of competition to get an item out on the market and it could take some time before you become successful (if ever!). With that being said, it is definitely something to consider for the future and certainly something you can try just for fun!


To create an art based NFT, you will need to create the digital file, which consists of all the data necessary to represent the art piece.. You will need to mint your NFT using an NFT miniting platform and sign for it with your wallet.  Once it’s created, you will be able to list your NFT to the NFT platform of your choice.


NFTs are unique and record on the blockchain pointing to your wallet can be used as proof of ownership of physical and digital assets. For example, if you own an NFT that represents a painting, you would then be able to prove that you actually own the painting in the event that someone else claims to own the painting.


Once your NFT is uploaded to the NFT platform, it can be purchased by other people or traded with other NFT owners.


How Is an NFT Different from Cryptocurrency?


NFTs, similar to cryptocurrencies, are based on blockchain technology and represent digital assets that can be bought, sold, or traded. But this is where the similarities end.


One of the main differences between the two is their fungibility. An NFT is a non-fungible token which means it is not interchangeable with other tokens of the same type, it is a 1 of 1!Cryptocurrency, on the other hand, is a fungible asset which means each unit is identical to another and can be exchanged for goods or services where accepted.


To break it down, 1 Ethereum has the same value as another Ethereum coin but an NFT can’t be replaced with another because each one is unique. So unlike with cryptocurrencies, you can’t use NFTs to buy anything.


The Future of NFTs


The future of NFTs has a lot of potential but there is also much uncertainty. Their unique properties could give them value, but there are also a number of challenges that need to be overcome for them to reach their full potential.


On the plus side, NFTs could potentially revolutionize a number of industries. For example, they could  be used to create tamper-proof digital records, which could have a huge impact in industries like real estate, identity, supply chain management and many more.However, there are a number of challenges that need to be addressed before NFTs can truly take off..


Despite the challenges, the potential of NFTs is undeniable. With further development and adoption, they could completely change the way we interact with digital assets and could even revolutionize the way we use the internet.